What is chronic kidney disease?

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Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a progressive and often silent condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It is crucial to have a comprehensive understanding of CKD, including its causes, stages, and associated risk factors, to promote early detection and effective management.

Causes, Stages, and Risk Factors

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) can arise from various factors, including:

  1. Diabetes: High blood sugar levels can damage kidney blood vessels over time.
  2. Hypertension (High Blood Pressure): Uncontrolled blood pressure can strain kidney blood vessels, leading to damage.
  3. Glomerulonephritis: Inflammation of kidney filtering units, often due to infections or autoimmune diseases.
  4. Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD): A genetic disorder forming cysts in the kidneys, potentially leading to CKD.
  5. Urinary tract obstruction: Blockages like kidney stones hinder urine flow and cause kidney damage.
  6. Recurrent Kidney infections: Persistent infections can lead to scarring and CKD.

Understanding the stages:

CKD is classified into five stages based on Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR):

  1. Stage 1: Kidney damage with normal or increased GFR.
  2. Stage 2: Mild decrease in GFR.
  3. Stage 3: Moderate decrease in GFR.
  4. Stage 4: Severe decrease in GFR.
  5. Stage 5: Kidney failure (End-Stage Renal Disease or ESRD).

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Chronic Kidney Disease is a prevalent and potentially debilitating condition that progresses through stages, with a range of underlying causes and risk factors. Understanding these aspects is crucial for early detection and effective management.

Regular check-ups, lifestyle modifications, and the management of underlying conditions are essential in preventing or slowing the progression of CKD.We are here to help you choose a care home or facility best suited to your needs.

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