What population is affected by osteoporosis? Calcium deficiency, rheumatic or digestive diseases... What are the different causes of this condition, and what are the treatments?
According to some studies, there may be a genetic predisposition to osteoporosis. Descendants of parents who had osteoporosis and had lower than normal bone mass are more likely to develop osteoporosis as they age. Women are much more affected than men, particularly those in post-menopause. Furthermore, it has also been demonstrated that ethnic origin plays a role in the potential occurrence of osteoporosis. People of Asian and Caucasian ethnicities are more likely to develop osteoporosis than those of a different ethnic background.
Various theories have been put forward, including the role of nutrition. It has been proven that a deficiency in calcium, phosphorus, and vitamin D leads to a reduction in bone mass. Conversely, excessive consumption of alcohol and caffeine causes the excretion of a certain amount of calcium in urine. Smoking should also be avoided as it hinders the proper absorption of calcium. Vitamin D, on the other hand, promotes its absorption. But that's not all! Prolonged periods of immobilization can lead to a decrease in bone mass. This is why individuals who engage in regular physical activity throughout their lives are much less likely to suffer from osteoporosis.
The principle of osteoporosis treatment is to combine medication aimed at rebuilding bone mass with dietary supplements and a series of physical exercises. Fortunately, there are numerous medications capable of treating osteoporosis. Medications for osteoporosis treatment typically include pain relievers to combat pain. When the risk of fractures becomes too high, patients are prescribed medications aimed at halting the loss of bone mass. There is also hormone therapy, but this has associated risks (a significant decrease in bone mass after treatment cessation). Alongside medication, it is recommended to take vitamin D and calcium supplements. The quantity will be determined after various examinations. Of course, having a naturally calcium-rich diet remains essential.
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